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:: Volume 6, Number 2 (12-2016) ::
Back to browse issues page JGST 2016, 6(2): 131-144
Assessment of Hazardous Drought of Ilam Province Forests using Landsat Satellite Images
M. Rostamnia , M. Akhoondzadeh Hanzaei
Abstract:   (475 Views)

Forest dieback is a complex and important phenomenon that happened in the world’s most oak forests nearly a century ago. In recent years, this has occurred in ZAGROS oak forests due to successive droughts. ZAGROS forest region, with an area of about 6 million hectares including provineces West Azerbaijan, Kurdistan, Kermanshah, Ilam, Lorestan, Khuzestan, Fars, Esfahan, Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari, Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad, Hamedan is exposed to several threats. Forests of ILAM province are part of ZAGROS forests, which are located in the west part of the mountain chain. The phenomenon of forest dieback has been seen in this area during recent years. In this study the dieback of forests in ILAM province area has been studied using Landsat satellite imagery and Google earth images, meteorological data and information of the amount of dust in province atmosphere. This study has conducted over a period of 15 years. Also we have to mention that the dust data have been extracted from 550 nm band Modis satellites images. In order to detect vegetation and forest area of ILAM, vegetation indices have been used in Landsat satellite images. In this study, the five vegetation indices, NDVI (Normalized Difference Vegetation Index), EVI (Enhanced Vegetation Index), RVI (Relative Vigor Index), SAVI (Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index), ARVI (Atmospherically Resistant Vegetation Index) have been used. Also to determine the appropriate vegetation index for detecting the changes in vegetation coverage areas, these indicators have been compared to each other. In order to compare these indicators, Google earth imagery has been used. Also with the use of Google earth images, the vegetation coverage of 200 pixels has been estimated in Landsat satellite images. By using these 200 pixels we compared the vegetation indices and carefully calculated the accuracy of each one. In this study, the generalized correlation of the indices with the vegetation coverage changes is respectively: 0.939, 0.953, 0.945, 0.914, 0.925 and according to these results, EVI vegetation index is used as the preferable indicator for vegetation change detection index in ILAMs forests. Landsat Images were obtained for each year and the vegetation changes amount was calculated towards the previous year for each year. Using the rainfall data index SPI (Standardized Precipitation Index), in these periods of one year, nine-month and three-month. The correlation between EVI index annual changes examined using SPI index the results were respectively, 0.43, 0.76, 0.09. In this paper, we used PCA (Principal Component Analysis) method to detecte the changed areas in forest vegetation coverage. The rate of changes in pixels amount in each year is calculated respect to year 1379. Also in order to separate the forest area changes from others, the behaviour of each pixel is studied during a period of 15 years. Also with the introduction of two patterns and determination of correlation between the patterns change behaviour, ILAMs vegetation coverage changed areas were isolated from other changes, and by deleting the non–changed pixels, the average annual change was obtained for ILAM province forest. Average entered dust was calculated for each year, using meteorological and Modis satellite images data. Also by applying a two–parameter linear regression, the combined impact of two factors, rainfall and dust was determined. The study implied that precipitation is the most effective parameter on dieback. The influence of two factors, rainfall and dust are respectively 62% and 38%.

Keywords: Trees Drought, Vegetation Index, SPI, PCA, Ilam
Full-Text [PDF 1494 kb]   (330 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Photo&RS
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Rostamnia M, Akhoondzadeh Hanzaei M. Assessment of Hazardous Drought of Ilam Province Forests using Landsat Satellite Images . JGST. 2016; 6 (2) :131-144
URL: http://jgst.issge.ir/article-1-405-en.html
Back to browse issues page Volume 6, Number 2 (12-2016)
نشریه علمی پژوهشی علوم و فنون نقشه برداری Journal of Geomatics Science and Technology