:: Volume 7, Issue 2 (12-2017) ::
JGST 2017, 7(2): 1-16 Back to browse issues page
3D Semantic Labeling using Region Growing Segmentation Based on Structural and Geometric Attributes
H. Amini Amirkolaee , H. Arefi
Abstract:   (743 Views)

Nowadays, automatic point cloud processing is an important and challenging topic in photogrammetry and remote sensing. The LiDAR has the ability of collecting the accurate 3D point cloud from the earth surface, directly. Moreover, recent advances in image processing provide the capability of producing 3D point clouds with high accuracy using dense matching from the digital aerial images. The point cloud segmentation and classification algorithms are usually time consuming and have high computation cost. In this paper a difference object-based approach was proposed for point cloud classification. In this approach, at first the points were segmented into some regions; then these regions were classified into considered classes. In this regard, firstly some boxes with predefined side size were placed on point clouds and each box was analyzed separately. In order to reduce the point density, the points in each box were removed except the nearest point to the center. Then, the region growing algorithm was employed to segment the points with reduced density based on normal vector and curvature value of each point. Afterward, around of each segmented point was searched for labeling the remains points. In other words, the points which have normal vector close to considered point were labeled same as that point. After point segmentation, for each segment some potentially features were selected and produced in order to detect buildings, vegetation as well as grounds. The features should be selected accordance with the geometrical and structural characteristics of the objects. In this paper some features including mean curvature, area, perimeter, boundary irregularity, flatness, elevation, and being terrain or off- terrain were generated. The Alpha shape is a triangulation based algorithm which has the ability of reconstructing the object shape using a set of dense and irregular points. The Alpha value determines the level of details in the reconstructed shape. After computing the shape of the considered segment using Alpha shape algorithm, calculating the area and perimeter was feasible. In order to analyze the boundary irregularity of the segments, the ratio of area between two reconstructed Alpha shapes with two different Alpha values is computed. For each segment a plane was approximated using the MSAC algorithm and the ratio of points in that plane and out of that plane was computed as flatness value. The SMRF algorithm was employed for specifying the off- terrain points. The height of an off-terrain point was acquired by computing the difference between that point and the closest terrain point. Thus, for each segment a feature vector was obtained. Finally, some training data was collected and the segments were classified by KNN algorithm. The proposed approach was implemented and evaluated in 6 different test areas. Although the area 1, 2, 5 and 6 were acquired by LiDAR, the point density of area 1 and 2 is equal to 4 point per m2 and the point density of area 5 and 6 is equal to 65 points per m2. The area 3 and 4 were acquired by dense matching of digital aerial images and theirs average point density is equal to 20 points per m2. The accuracy of proposed approach in area 1 to 6 were 92.25%, 93.44%, 91.44%, 89.23% 92.46% and 89.73%, respectively. The evaluation results clarify the good performance of proposed approach in different areas with various land covers and point densities.

Keywords: Point Cloud, Segmentation, Features, Classification
Full-Text [PDF 2165 kb]   (221 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Photo&RS

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Volume 7, Issue 2 (12-2017) Back to browse issues page